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Convention on Access to Official Documents to take effect on December 1st

24.11.2020, 14:54
law.com
law.com

The Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents (Tromsø Convention) will enter into force on 1 December. Taras Shevchenko, deputy minister of culture and information policy, said it on November 23 during the online forum " Dialogues on Reforms: On the Way to Vilnius ", as "Detector Media " reported.

Shevchenko called the ratification of this document one of the most important achievements of this year's media reform. He noted that the Verkhovna Rada of the last convocation failed to complete and disrupted work on its ratification.

Igor Rozkladay, deputy director of the Center for Democracy and the Rule of Law, also stressed the importance of the document: "This is for the first time in media law that Ukraine has exported something, not just imported it."

It was thanks to efforts of Ukraine that Tromsø Convention has been ratified by minimum 10 members of the Council of Europe, and thus the documentis to take effect on December 1, 2020, as the authors of the "Media Reform" on UAReforms stressed it. 

Representatives of Ukraine will become co-founders and members of international advisory bodies to develop best practices on access to public information.

It will be recalled that on May 20, 2020, the Verkhovna Rada has voted for Bill 320032 "On Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Document”. Ratification of the Tromsø Convention has been supported by 305 MPs.

"Ratification of the convention will further enhance transparency of activities of public authorities and human rights standards in Ukraine," the explanatory note read.

Ukraine’s ratification was the tenth, as it is indispensable to enter the Convention into force. Earlier, the document has been ratified by nine countries: Sweden, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Estonia, Finland, Norway, Moldova, Croatia, Montenegro and Lithuania. Given that the Convention enters into force with the tenth ratification, Ukraine is going to make an historical decision, by launching this major international instrument.

The Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents (Tromsø Convention), in particular, guarantees the right of access to official documents held by public authorities, to any person without explaining the reasons and intentions to obtain information, the further use of documents; it establishes a monitoring system to ensure proper and effective implementation of the provisions of the Convention and elaborating the right of access to official documents; contains provisions for taking into account the public interest in the information in the official document and providing the document if that interest outweighs the damage caused by the interests defined by the legislation; establishes an obligation for managing agents to properly handle documents so that they are easily accessible.

Representatives of civil society have supported the ratification of the convention since 2018. Initially, a number of public organizations sent a corresponding appeal to the Verkhovna Rada Committee on European Integration. In January 2020, the Council for Freedom of Speech and Protection of Journalists under the President of Ukraine called for support for the ratification of the convention.

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