Jeansa in online media. Monitoring report for the 1st quarter of 2020
The main sponsor of jeansa in online media outlets was the party "Opposition Platform - For Life", which accounted for 41% of the stories that had some attributes of being pre-paid stories, whereas all other political forces together numbered only 9.5% of the publications of the sort.
Such are the results of the survey held by the "Institute of Mass Information" NGO in March 2020 in 18 online media, the full sample was more than 20 thousand news items*.
The second place among the main sponsors of jeansa in online media was up to commercial companies, which accounted for 32% of such materials. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2019, in March the number of ordered stories from commercial companies fell almost twice.
During the monitoring period, the ratio of political and commercial jeansa was 62% and 38%, respectively. The increase in the number of political stories which had signs of being pre-paid in the first quarter of 2020, compared to the previous quarter, could indicate that the parties were preparing themselves for local elections.
NewsOne (56 materials detected during the monitoring week, mainly in favor of OPFL), 112.ua (45 materials, mainly in favor of OPFL) and Znay.ua (27 materials) became the anti-leader sites in terms of placing would-be pre-paid materials.
No jeansa stories have been found on the sites "Ukrinform", "Ukrainisky Tyzhden", "Ukrainska Pravda" and "Liga". At the same time, some materials which were not absolutely correctly marked as advertising items have been found on last two websites.
In total, 11% of stories with signs of being paid-for were conveniently marked as advertising. This marking does not comply with the law, so these materials were classified as improperly marked.
OVERVIEW OF MAIN CUSTOMERS OF JEANS
"Opposition Platform - For Life"
IMI's monitoring revealed two resources that can fully claim the title of party mouthpieces of the OPFL : The 112th Channel and NewsOne. These were the resources that came to the top position in terms of placing of pre-paid stories, in particular in favor of Opposition Platform- For Life (OPFL).
Most of the commissioned stories of this political party aimed at discrediting the government, especially the then Prime Minister Oleksiy Honcharuk:
- Medvedchuk: Oleksiy Goncharuk's government is leading the country to economic collapse
- Yuri Boyko: The government duped pensioners by not indexing pensions
- Yuri Boyko: The government is not ready to face the oncominng crisis
- Boyko: There is not a single person in the new government who would deal with the economy
Despite the negative assessment of the Goncharuk’s government by the OPFL, representatives of this political force did not vote for the appointment of the new Prime Minister Denis Shmygal and new members of the government either. The MP Vadym Rabinovych told it on the pages of the site 112.ua: Rabinovych: We will not support the new government – this is to bargain one trouble for another. Explaining the refusal to vote for the new government Vadim Boyko: Boyko: The presentation of the new government was not transparent and open.
The representatives of this political force were also outraged by the Minister for Foreign Affairs Vadym Prystaiko saying they would not celebrate May 9 (Day of Victory in the war over faschists). Vadym Rabinovych recalled the narratives of Russian propaganda about salvation of Ukraine from fascism and Nazism:
- Rabinovych: Fascism in Ukraine will not pass!
- Rabinovych: We will have neither land nor economy, only fascism
- Rabinovych: authorities return Ukraine to Nazism’s obscurantism
Another member of the OPFL, Viktor Medvedchuk, found Soros guilty of failing of prosecutor's office reforms: Medvedchuk: reform of the prosecutor's office imposed by Soros has left thousands of professionals jobless.
Also, the compadre of Russian President Putin spoke of necessity to change the political course ( Medvedchuk reminded of the importance of changing the political course ), but he did not say a word in which direction Ukraine should move.
Materials in favor of OPFL were also found on the sites "Znay.ua", "Strana" and "RBC-Ukraine".
In total, 41% of the total amount of would-be pre-paid materials was placed in favor of this political force.
According to the IMI monitoring, commercial companies accounted for 32% of the total number of stories that would have been pre-paid.
Advertisement of alcoholic products, namely Dovbush Karpatsky cognac, was found on eight of the 17 sites subjected to the monitoring. Only two sites, "Censors" and "Strana" marked such materials were with the words "advertising" and "for advertisement purposes", respectively, they were not included to the survey, as they were properly labelled as advertising. Four other sites had "news items" about cognac were placed under heading such as "To the point" or "Company News", which is an inappropriate labeling. There were some disguised advertisement of cognac on Znay.ua and Channel 24 websites, which were not marked at all.
The Law of Ukraine "On Advertising" strictly regulates the advertising of alcoholic beverages, but contains some gap, which is related to online media. According to IMI lawyers, the law in this part is outdated and needs to be amended in accordance with actuality on the media market (in particular, regarding the labeling of native advertising).
Other commercial customers include “Freedom Finance Ukraine”, an investment company that advised Ukrainians to invest in international companies such as Tesla, Google or Apple. Prejudice regarding investments in securities is dispelled by Freedom Finance Ukraine analyst Denys Bily.
- Shares of global companies Tesla, Google, Apple - purchase, income(Channel 24)
- Financial analyst: Ukrainians have prejudices about investing in exchange assets("Gordon")
- The analyst debunked the myths about investing in the stock market("Observer")
Disguised advertisement materials from commercial customers are often placed with tags such as "Company News", "To the point", "Window", "Special Project", etc. IMI reminds that such marking, even if it is explained in a separate section of the site, is not clear to the audience and does not meet the requirements of Ukrainian legislation.
Other customers included Rozetka, Uklon, Ukrlandfarming, Blago, automakers and smartphone manufacturers, Citrus, Alfa-Bank and others. At the same time, the number of commercial jeansa customers has almost halved compared to the previous monitoring period (4th quarter of 2020).
Other political forces
PR of other politically interested entities accounted for an average of 9.5% of the total number of materials with signs of being paid-for. For example, IMI experts found materials in favor of Petro Poroshenko:
- Poroshenko: Zelensky has not coped with any of the crises and shifts responsibility to others("Observer")
- "Don't follow in Yanukovych's footsteps!" Poroshenko strongly addressed to Zelensky pointing at ATR and water to the Crimea issues ("Observer")
Former Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk also spoke about the supply of water to the occupied Crimea:
The MP Oleg Lyashko, for his part, demanded that " the government immediately adopt a resolution on the indexation of pensions " (112) and " to ban the import of Russian and Belarusian electricity " ( Sehodnya).
Funds and companies of media-owned oligarchs
A significant part of the would-be ordered materials, namely 8%, were trendy articles in favor of the oligarchs, including media owners and their funds and companies.
For example, Rinat Akhmetov, a former member of the Party of Regions, promoted his own fund. Most of these stories were placed in the media that are part of his media holding "Media Group Ukraine" , for example on the site "Sehodnya":
- 200 ambulances for Ukraine - doctors of Mariupol spoke of new neonatal cars
- Rinat Akhmetov's Foundation held master classes for children in Slovyansk within the framework of the "Your Superpower" project
The activities of this fund targets Akhmetov's estate, namely the eastern regions of Ukraine.
Regional gas companies, which are connected with Dmytro Firtash, were actively promoted:
- Zakarpatgaz customers will have their counter devices replaced at the expense of the company(RBC)
PR (and anti-PR) of local politicians accounted for 5% of the total number of would-be ordered stories.
In particular, a number of materials targetting the current mayor of Kyiv Vitali Klitschko were recorded on the Znay website:
- At Klitschko want to unite a tubercuosis dispensaries and mental health facilities, - "so they will earn more"
- After bridges "fatigued" in Kyiv, tube ticket barriers followed – not without Klitschko help
Several stories in favor of the deputy of the Kharkiv regional council Yulia Svitlychna were recorded:
- To be left without medical care: in the Kharkiv region the deputy Svetlichnaya opposed closure of medical institutions(Newsone)
and the mayor of Dnipro Borys Filatov:
- Filatov congratulated Dnipro servicemen on the upcoming International Women's Day(Obozrevatel)
- Dnipro joined the initiative "Greening of Ukraine" - Filatov("Observer").
The publication was prepared based on the results of monitoring conducted on March 2-6, 2020 in 18 popular Internet media: Obozrevatel, Znay.ua, Channel 24, Gordon, Ukrainska Pravda, Novoe Vremya, UNIAN, "Sehodnya", TSN, 112.ua, NewsOne, RBC.ua, "Liga", "Ukrainsky tyzhden", "Interfax", "Strana", "Censor". The sample covers all news in a row that appeared on the sites during the specified period (more than 20 thousand news items).
This study was made possible by the support of the American people through the USAID Media Program in Ukraine, implemented by the international organization Internews Network. The contents are the sole responsibility of the Institute for Mass Information and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, the US Government or the Internews Network.