Jeansa in online media. Monitoring of fourth quarter of 2021
As of December 2021, the percent of jeansa in the Ukrainian online media increased by 11% compared to the third quarter of this year.
These are the results of a quarterly survey of the NGO "Institute of Mass Information", which covered the period from 15 to 19 November 2021 in 16 online media, the total sample was more than 20 thousand news *.
According to the study, the custom-made commercial texts continue to prevail in the media over the political ones : commercial jeansa accounted for 61% of all identified news items with signs of ordering, and political jeansa accounted for 39%.
In the fourth quarter , the number of news items with signs of ordering in favor of companies, interests and image of one of the richest and most influential oligarchs of Ukraine Rinat Akhmetov got increased. A quarter of the texts (25.5%) with signs of the order concerned Akhmetov's assets (for comparison: during the previous monitoring period there were 20.8% materials with signs of the order in favour of Akhmetov's interests).
For the first time, commercial jeansa descended to second place, accounting for 19% of all ordered materials.
Most of the news with signs of a political order were focused on praising the significance of the President Zelensky's program "Great Construction". Many media outlets go on providing only complimentary texts on the issue without any analysis, often failing to demonstrate public importance for the national level and without sufficient background.
Obozrevatel (150 news with order signs) and Politeka (79) became anti-leader sites for placing materials that would-be sponsored content.
Materials with order signs were also found on the websites of RBC-Ukraine (42), Interfax-Ukraine (12), UNIAN (29), Segodnya (29), Censor (20), and Channel 24. (8), Gordon (29), TSN (9).
Most of the materials with improper labeling among all sites were found on the sites of NV (42), "24 channel" (15) and UNIAN (12). Improper labeling of materials was also recorded on the websites of Ukrainska Pravda, TSN, Segodnya and Gordon.
No jeansa was found on the sites Liga, Suspilne, Ukrayinska Pravda, Dzerkalo Tyzhdnya, NV and Korrespondent.
OVERVIEW OF MAIN CATEGORIES OF JEANSA
- News in favor of Akhmetov's interests
According to the monitoring results, a quarter of the materials with signs of the order fell on the materials posted in the interests of Rinat Akhmetov. Some of them were aimed at DTEK's war of words against the Office of the President and the Government for non-payment of "green bonds". According to Liga.net, on November 16, DTEK Renewables claimed not to have received any due from the Guaranteed Buyer from the funds raised from the placement of Ukrenergo's Eurobonds. At the same time, Oschadbank JSC transferred funds in full to all other companies. This provoked a great many of texts defending DTEK's stance:
The management of Sberbank and Garpok must be held accountable for disrupting the payment of green generation debts - DTEK VIE | Economics OBOZREVATEL / Obozrevatel
Shmygal ordered not to pay debts to investors in Renewables on the European green loan - MP / Politeka
Discrimination against DTEK's green enterprises when paying debts is stupidity on the part of the state - Danyliuk / Obozrevatel
Government must pay off DTEK's green debts immediately – Ukrainian Wind Energy Association / Obozrevatel
European Business Association calls on authorities to pay debts to all green energy producers / Segodnya
Government intervention in distribution of green credit from the EU scares away investors from Ukraine - former Foreign Minister / Politeka
According to Censor.net, a quarter of the UAH 19.3 billion of green tariff debts transferred to investors in renewable energy sources were supposed to be received by DTEK.
A number of experts and politicians were involved in supporting DTEK. For example, Andriy Zinchenko, a member of the board of the Association of Professional consumers of Ukraine:
Government spoiled history of successful placement of "green" bonds due to refusal to paydebst to DTEK - expert / Politeka
Expert of the Razumkov Center Volodymyr Omelchenko:
Razumkov Center expert: Government underhand dealings with EU green loan affected Ukraine's investment climate / Politeka
Oleksiy Honcharenko, MP from European Solidarity:
Shmygal ordered not to pay debts to investors in Renewables on the European green loan - MP / Politeka
Oleh Syniutka, MP from European Solidarity:
Government tricks with green Eurobonds will lead to economic collapse - MP / Politeka
Former Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk:
It would be in the right manner, if Zelensky said that the coal he mentioned in his appeal was bought by DTEK - Yatsenyuk / Gordon
Minister of Finance of Ukraine in the government of Volodymyr Groysman Oleksandr Danyliuk:
Danyliuk on public debt to DTEK for green energy: Authorities undermine investor confidence / Gordon
And Volodymyr Groysman also:
"Telephone rule" employed to selectively repay debts to "green" investors should be qualified as corruption and pressure on business - Groysman /Gordon
Interestingly, in the fourth quarter, the number of image-building news on Akhmetov's companies increased slightly. For example, Metinvest has made efforts to combat the coronavirus:
Metinvest secured every fourth ton of oxygen to Ukrainian hospitals / Obozrevatel
Peak incidence of coronavirus avoided thanks to oxygen of Metinvest Group / UNIAN
Metinvest told how much company spent on anti-coronavirus activity / UNIAN
Metinvest also contributed to the construction of roads and supported social projects:
EBA noted Metinvest's contribution to road repairs in Ukraine and provision of hospitals with oxygen / Obozrevatel
University, dormitory and sports facility: Metinvest will open its own university in Mariupol next year / UNIAN
The sites of Obozrevatel, 24 Channel, UNIAN, Gordon, Politeka and some others published content in favor of Akhmetov's companies.
- Commercial companies
Jeansa from commercial companies accounted for 19% of all ordered custom-made materials revealed by the monitoring.
Interestingly, almost 80% of news items with signs of ordering are now marked in the online media, although not quite properly (headings "Special Project", "Partner Content", "Company News"). It seems that the trend to label commercial materials was ignored only a few major online media that have not yet updated their editorial policies. Instead, the share of media that labeled commercial advertising in some way goes on growing.
For example, RBC-Ukraine placed the news on social and environmental projects of the ATB chain stores without any marks : " Instead of the announced 30 hectares of new forest plantations Corporation" ATB ", which operates national network of over 1.2 thousand of shops everywhere in Ukraine, donated 45 hectares of new forests in four regions to country on occasion of 30th anniversary of independence”.
However, the same material, but already on the UNIAN website, was published under the section “Hot topic”. This is one of the tag by which the edition is used to mark advertising.
This evidences that this is the editorial office that decides whether to mark advertisements as such or to place jeansa content.
The similar things happened to the advertising of the Comfy store, when Obozrevatel placed jeansa under the guise of the editorial text: COMFY has launched a new urban format of stores. On Channel 24's website, the same material was marked as "Partner Material", and TSN's website marked it with "Company News".
Most often, Ukrainian sites are labeling advertising with such tags as "Hot topic", "Company News", "Special Project", "Affiliate Project" and "Stance". More than 90% of the materials marked as such are commercial. Political materials are most often marked with the tag "Stance".
In addition to stores, custom materials were recorded in favor of pharmaceutical companies:
Darnytsia exports 22 brands of medicines to Armenia / Gordon
Kyivstar offers Superpowers: how to get more services and save money at the same time /Obozrevatel
Insurance companies, car manufacturers, banks, online casinos, food manufacturers, cosmetics and others placed materials in the media. Most of them were Ukrainian companies, which are representatives of medium and large businesses.
- "Great Construction" as an image program of Volodymyr Zelensky
The third position in terms of the number of materials with signs of order is the third monitoring in a row is taken by the President Zelensky's program "Great Construction", in favor of which 11% of the total amount of all materials were detected during the monitoring.
News in favor of the "Great Construction" were recorded on the sites:
According to Zelensky's program, for the first time in 40 years, the route to Nikopol was completely repaired
In Khmelnytsky region, large-scale construction of sports and rehabilitation center has been completed
For the first time in 50 years, Zelensky's large construction is overhauling the H-23 highway in Dnipropetrovsk region
Large-scale construction on railway: next year Ukrainin railway will build 50 grain wagons on its own
In two years of large-scale construction in Dnipropetrovsk region will make 557 km of roads - Minister
Great construction overhauled the H-07 highway between Nedrigailov and Romny
More than 9,000 units of road machinery work under Great Construction project
Sports facility with a swimming pool is being completed in Nikopol, Dnipropetrovsk region
Great construction: repair of the R-17 highway leading from Bila Tserkva to Vinnytsia region has started in Kyiv region
Restoration of memorial: memorial was restored in Milovo
Great Construction: from Nedrigailov to Romny one can take high quality new road
Great construction encourages road companies to upgrade their vehicles – state agency of highways
Interestingly, almost all such materials are accompanied by a photo with a logo of the project.
Materials about the "Great Construction" often do not report the results, but about the plans, do not contain background, balance and are laudatory. The media reported, for example, that "Great Construction has freed itself from the Soviet bureaucracy and is switching to international pricing standards " or that "Great Construction encourages road companies to upgrade their equipment – state agency of highways."
Some of the texts dealing with the "Great Construction" fail to demonstrate high importance for national media sites. This is, for example, news such as "Great construction: from Nedrigailov to Romny you can already drive a quality new road ", which is about repairing of a section of road 11.6 km long.
9% of the news with the attributes of the order were of a lobbying nature, aimed at promoting solutions that benefit large oligarchic groups.
According to Wikipedia, lobbying is the deliberate legal or illegal influence public authorities and local governments, as well as on their officials, directed at them on behalf of another person, organization or group. The purpose of lobbying is to consolidate their own interests or the interests of third parties (clients) in management decisions.
IMI experts note that this influence is actively exercised through the media.
We wrote above about the lobbying of DTEK's interests regarding the payment of debts for green investments.
During the monitoring period, the issue of freight car operation was lobbied for, in particular, the government's initiative to limit the service life of freight cars was criticized:
Discard of freight cars due to service life will create collapse in the freight market - Gorbachev / Obozrevatel
Car builders will earn on the write-off of cars by service life, and the economy will lose taxes - Sokolov / Obozrevatel
EVA opposes to initiative to write off cars: the renewal of movable stock must be agreed with all market participants / Politeka
In addition, the media continues to lobby for a ban on scrap exports, which can also be attributed to the interests of oligarch Akhmetov:
Ukraine may lose one of its key sectors due to scrap exports - Kysylevsky / Obozrevatel
Government should protect Ukrainian metallurgical industry, Kysylevsky / RBC-Ukraine
- Petro Poroshenko and European Solidarity
The amount of news in favor of Petro Poroshenko and his party "European Solidarity" increased slightly (5% against 4% in the previous monitoring period).
Enemy at the door and the government denies threat: Poroshenko demands an immediate closed door meeting of faction leaders / Obozrevatel
Interestingly, some MPs from European Solidarity supported DTEK of Akhmetov, as we wrote above. Example:
Shmygal ordered not to pay debts to investors in Renewables on the European green loan, - Goncharenko / Obozrevatel
Ukraine will no longer be able to attract " green " Eurobonds due to decision to give these funds to a corrupt state company - Goncharenko / Segodnya
The latest wave of jeansa monitoring in the online media in 2021 showed that the oligarch Akhmetov is very arduously investing in promoting his own interests in the media. At the same time, the number of his commissioned materials is directly affected by the confrontation between him and the current government. For comparison: in the first quarter of 2021, Akhmetov's interests accounted for 8% of all materials with signs of ordering, and in the fourth they were already 25%.
As to the positive elements, we can note evoluation of labeling of advertising content, which Ukrainian commercial companies are ordering in the media. There are not many dinosaurs left on the market - online, which still place commercial jeansa without any labeling at all. At the same time, the customers themselves seem to be quite loyal to the labeling.
Among the differences in the monitoring of jeansa in the fourth quarter of 2021 is the emergence of a new customer :a former colleague of Zelensky, and now his opponent Dmytro Razumkov. And Vitaliy Klychko continues to actively promote himself, who in the first half of 2021 was not included in the ranking of customers at all.
The monitoring was conducted on November 15–19, 2021 in 16 popular Internet media: Politeka, Obozrevatel, 24 Kanal, Gordon, Ukrayinska Pravda, UNIAN, Segodnya, TSN, RBC.ua, Liga, Interfax-Ukraine, Censor,Dzerkalo Tyzhdnya, Korrespondent, Suspilne, NV.
The sample covers all the news in a row that appeared on the sites during the period (over 20 thousand news items).
This study was made possible by the support of the American people through the USAID Media Program in Ukraine, implemented by the international organization Internews Network. The content is under the sole responsibility of the Institute for Mass Information and does not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, the US Government or the Internews Network.
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