More than 80% of residents of the South and East of Ukraine feel comfortable, when they speak, read, and hear the Ukrainian language — survey
More than 80% of residents of the South and of the East of Ukraine feel absolutely or rather comfortable, when they speak (81%), hear (89%) or read in the Ukrainian language (85%).
These are the results of the survey of residents of the South and of the East of Ukraine, which was conducted by the company GfK commissioned by the Institute of Mass Information with the support of the Ukraine Confidence Building Initiative (UCBI) and USAID.
Overall, in these regions, in the last year consumption of purely Russian-speaking media went down by 6%, if were compare the results of the survey in the six oblasts covered by both waves of the survey. In 2016, 61% of the surveyed Internet users most often used the purely Russian-speaking websites, and now their share constitutes — 55%.
Most often, consumers of mass media in the eights surveyed oblasts consume both Russian-speaking and Ukrainian-speaking radio stations (64%) and TV channels (74%), and among online media outlets and press, the Russian-speaking ones are used by the majority of the surveyed (53 and 42% respectively).
As to the regional peculiarities, the largest share of consumers of purely Ukrainian-speaking TV programs was found in Khersonska (16%) and Dnipropetrovska (15%) oblasts. The lowest share was observed in Donetska (1%) and Odeska oblasts (4%).
Moreover, almost one in every five surveyed (17%) pf the Southern and Eastern oblasts of Ukraine supports taking counter-measures to the dominant position of the Russian language, in particular, in education, business, and media outlets.
As IMI reported, on May 23 the Verkhovna Rada adopted in general draft law No.5313, which introduces on TV obligatory quotas for programs and films in Ukrainian: 75% for the national-level and regional TV channels, 60% – for local TV channels, and 75% – for news programs.
The survey was conducted by the company GfK commissioned by the Institute of Mass Information with the support of the Ukraine Confidence Building Initiative (UCBI) and USAID in January-March of 2017 in eight oblasts of the East and the South of Ukraine (Dnipropetrovska, Kharkivska, Zaporizka, Mykolayivska, Khersonska and Odeska oblasts, the territories of Donetska and Luhanska oblasts under control of the Ukrainian government). The survey covered 15,103 respondents. The first wave of the research was conducted in November 2015 – January 2016 and covered 13, 830 respondents in six oblasts of the East and the South of Ukraine (all listed above, except for Khersonska and Mykolayivska oblasts).